Echocardiography is an ultrasound examination of the heart. (It uses ultrasound.) The machine sends ultrasound sounds through a special transducer, which are reflected from structures inside the body and recorded by the same transducer, and then processed into an image, the so-called echo. This is a non-invasive examination.
This examination allows for the evaluation of the anatomical structures of the heart. It allows assessment of the blood flow in the heart, as well as evaluation of the movement of the heart muscle and valves.
Preparation for the cardiac ultrasound examination
The examination does not require any special preparations. If you are taking medication, please inform your physician.
Course of the cardiac ultrasound examination
The examination takes place in a supine position or on your left side. The patient takes off the upper part of his or her clothing. The examination site is covered with a thin layer of gel to obtain an image of better quality. The doctor moves the head of the camera in specific places. The time of the examination is several to several dozen minutes.
Indications for heart USG examination
- coronary artery disease
- heart muscle failure
In some cases, it is necessary to perform a transesophageal examination. You will be asked to come in fasting. The doctor administers a local anesthetic and inserts a special probe into your esophagus.